Violon German, French
Violón Spanish

Locher lists Violon with the following description:

Dr. Faisst advises that in case the very incisive 8-ft. Violoncello should not suit the quality of the general tone, a wider-sized and rather more powerfully intonated Violoncello, of a clear, sound, and only moderately stringy tone, should be used. He then calls it 8-ft. Violon, in contradistinction to the proper 8-ft. Violoncello. The name Violon often occurs in Northern Germany for a similar 8-ft. stop, and I have now and again proposed it for Swiss organs.

Grove concurs with Williams's description, which reads:

I   Spanish stopped pipes on pedal or manual; the normal Spanish term for �stopped�, Gedackt, etc., as in Flautado Violón (Bourdon).
II   A German open pedal stop of medium volume and nondescript tone, found more especially in the 18th cent. Scaling was generally narrow, the wood or metal pipes being a substitute for the more expensive Prinzipal 16'; but conical at Ulm Minster (c. 1700), as was Hildebrandt's unusual 8' Violon at Naumburg, 1743-6. The tone was sometimes strong (J. Wagner), sometimes not (M. Engler).

The name Violón has also been listed as a Spanish synonym for Stopped Diapason. In France, Violon is a synonym for Violin, and it has also been used as a synonym for Violone.

Variants

Violon d'Amour
Flautado Violón (Bourdon)
Flautado de Violón (Gedeckt)

Examples

Osiris lists over 250 examples, the majority being at 8' or 16', with three at 4', and one at 32'.

Bibliography

Adlung[1]: §205 Violone, §205 Violadigamba. Grove[1]: Violon. Locher[1]: Violon. Williams[1]: Glossary: Violon.
 
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.
Violon.html - Last updated 11 April 2003.
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