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Gedackt German

Gedeckt German (Primary)

Gedact German

Gedakt Danish

Flautado de Violón Spanish

Flet German

Obtusa Latin?

Obtusior Latin?

Pileata Latin

Pressior Unknown

Tonbass Unknown

Thunbass Unknown

Vox Pileata Latin


A covered flute of 32', 16', 8', 4', or (rarely) 2' pitch. It is perhaps the most common covered flute stop. It is similar to, and occasionally synonymous with, Bourdon, Stopped Diapason and Tapadillo. The earliest examples of Gedeckt and Gedakt appear to postdate the earlest examples of Gedackt and Gedact by about a century. These names are, or are derived from, the past participle of decken, meaning to cover. The name Vox Pileata comes to us only by way of a footnote in Audsley[1]'s entry for Pileata in which he quotes Regnier. While the name Flet is described in the literature as a synonym for Gedeckt, it is more likely that it is a synonym for Flute. According to Grove[1], the name Flautado de Violon means neither a Diapason, as implied by Flautado, nor a string, as implied by Violon, but is the Spanish synonym for Gedeckt. See also Flautado Violón.


Osiris contains around 560 examples of Gedackt, around 300 examples of Gedeckt, around 40 examples of Gedact, and around 20 examples of Gedakt; the earliest ones are listed below. The same source contains two examples of Pileata (both in the same location), four examples of Flet, and four examples of Flautado de Violón. Examples exist in nearly every organ that employs German stop names at all. No examples are known of Obtusa, Obtusior, Pressior, Tonbass, Thunbass, or Vox Pileata.

Flautado de Violón 8', Manual Left; Parroquia de Santa María, Lerín, Navarra, Spain; Cadiños 1859. Flautado de Violón 8', Organ Mayor (left); San Pedro, Fuentes de Nava, Palencia, Spain; unknown c18??. Flautado de Violón 8', Organ Mayor (left); Santa María a la Real, Xunqueira de Ambía, Orense, Spain; Valdonado 1759. Flautado de Violón 8', Manual Left; Parraquia, Medinacelli, Soria, Spain; Verdalonga 1797. Pileata 8', Pedal, Epistelorgel; Cathedral, Passau, Bavaria, Germany; Steinmeyer 1924-28.
Pileata 16', Pedal, Laurentius-Organ; Cathedral, Passau, Bavaria, Germany; Steinmeyer 1962, 1974, 1985. Flet 4', Echo, Dreifaltigkeits-Orgel; Abbey, Ottobeuren, Germany; Riepp 1766. Flet 4', Positiv; Dreifaltigkeits-Orgel; Abbey, Ottobeuren, Germany; Riepp 1766. Flet 4', Manual; St. Mark's Church, Krakow, Poland; Sapalski 1856. Flet 8', Manual; St. Mark's Church, Krakow, Poland; Sapalski 1856.
Gedackt 8', Rueckpositiv; Jacobikirche, Hamburg, Germany; Scherer 1543-1622. Gedackt 8', Ruckpositiv; St. Jacobi, Lüdingworth, Germany; Wilde 1598. Gedact 8', Rueck-positiv; Katherinenkirche, Hamburg, Germany; Stellwagen 1543. Gedact 8', Rueckpositiff; St. Stephanskirche, Tengermuende, Germany; Scherer 1624. Gedeckt 8', Rueckpositiv; Marienkirche, Stralsund, Germany; Stellwagen 1659.
Gedeckt 8', Oberwerk; St. Georg, Gartow, Niedersachsen, Germany; Hagelstein 1735-40. Gedakt 8', Oberwerk; Cathedral, Freiberg, Germany; Silbermann 1710-14. Gedakt 8', Pedaal; Bovenkerk, Kampen, Netherlands; Freytag & Schnitger 1790.

Sound Clips:


Gedacktes 8', Hinterwerk
Reinhardtsgrimma, Sachsen, Germany
Silbermann, 1731,
St. Anne:
Gedackt 8'
Chamber Organ, Germany
Ott, 2003,
St. Anne:
Holzgedackt 8', Manual I
University of Illinois, USA
Buzard, 1986,
St. Anne:
This page was last last built on June 24, 2020
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.