Echo English, German|
According to Locher and Wedgwood, the name Echo was used in old European organs for a quiet flute stop, sometimes enclosed in a swell box, separate from the rest of the organ. Audsley quotes Locher, and also Seidel, who says: �a single flute-toned register of soft intonation which stands behind the Organ, and received its wind through long conveyances�. Irwin considers it to be a synonym for Echo Flute. Grove and Williams, on the other hand, describe it as an Echo Cornet of III or IV ranks found in many German organs of the 18th century.
Notwithstanding the above descriptions, the term Echo is nearly always used as a modifier for some other stop name, indicating a softer and/or smaller scaled stop than normal. The following echo stops are known listed in this encyclopedia:
Echo Dulciana Céleste
Echo Dulciana Mixture
Echo Open Flute
Echo Stopped Flute
Echo Tibia Clausa
Echo Viol Mixture
Echo Viole Celeste
Echo Vox Humana
Only one example is known of a stop labelled simply Echo:
Echo V, Oberwerk; Cathedral, Freiberg, Germany; Silbermann 1710-14. (in box with removeable cover behind the windchest)
Original website compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.|
Echo.html - Last updated 8 January 2003.