Double Open Diapason English|
Great Bass English|
Major Bass English
Sub Principal English
Contra Principal English|
Double Diapason English
Principal Basse French
Basso Profundo Italian?|
Double Principal English
Open Diapason Bass English
Pedal Pipes English
Principale Basso Italian
Principale Doppio Italian
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A Diapason stop pitched an octave or two below unison pitch; i.e. 16' or 32'.
Major Bass is also a synonym for Contra Bourdon. Grand Principal is also a synonym for Grand Diapason. See also Sub Octave. Wedgwood alone considers Offenbass to be a synonym.
Three of these names are mentioned only by Wedgwood. Regarding Diaocton, he writes: �A 16 ft. pedal stop (Washington Temple, U.S.A.). = Major Bass.� Regarding Basso Profundo, he writes: �A deep-toned pedal stop equivalent to Major Bass. Milan Cathedral, 24 ft.� Regarding Pedal Pipes, he says only �see Major Bass.� No examples of these three names are known, other than those cited by Wedgwood. Wedgwood considered Major Bass to be a synonym for Contra Principal, but not Contra Bourdon.
The following illustration is Audsley's; click on it for a larger image.
Principalbasse 32, Pédale; St. Sulpice, Paris, France; Clicquot 1781. This is the earliest known example of this name.
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only. use only. use only. use only. use only.|
ContraPrincipal.html - Last updated 8 October 2006.