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Carillon French (Primary)


A mixture of from two to six ranks, intended to imitate or suggest the sounds of bells. It usually contains one or more third-sounding ranks, voiced somewhat prominently. Audsley describes its characteristic features as being its scaling and voicing, and reports that good examples have been made by Cavaillé-Coll. Grove describes it as �an important Dutch Tierce Mixture found c1750-1850 as a kind of Echo Cornet�, and Williams adds that at that time and place it was composed of 3 ranks and found on Ruckpositiv divisions. Skinner defines it as a three-rank mixture consisting of a 12th, 17th and 22nd, breaking back in the top octave to a 5th, 10th and 15th, and composed of mild Gamba ranks of scale 56 to 58. There are also percussion stops that goes by the names Carillon and Clochette[s] or Glockenspiel.


Of the 60 examples of Carillon listed in Osiris, just over half are mixtures. Of the 10 examples of Clochette, 4 are mixtures. Of the 70 examples of Glockenspiel, only 3 are mixtures. The examples listed below include the oldest known ones.

Carillon III, Ruckwerk; Schlosskirche, Schleiden, Germany; König 1770. Carillon III (4' + 1-3/5' + 1'), Bovenwerk; Cathedral-Basilica of St. John the Evangelist, Hertogenbosch, Netherlands; Heynemann 1787. This example is of treble compass only, starting at middle C. Carillon III-IV, Rugwerk; Oude Kerk, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Vater 1724-26, Mueller 1738-42, Witte 1869-70. The stoplist annotates this stop �Mueller Tertscimbel�; see Terzzimbel.
Clochette II-III, Positiv; Santa María, Tolosa, Guipuzcoa, Spain; Stoltz 1885. Clochette I, Gallery Positif; Hyde Park Community United Methodist Church, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; Casavant 1990. CC: 1/3', C2: 2/3', C3: 1-1/3'. Clochettes II 1-1/3', Solo; Broadway Baptist Church, Fort Worth, Texas, USA; Casavant 1996. Harmonic pipes.
Glockenspiel IV, Echo; Town Hall, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Hill 1886. Wood and metal. Glockenspiel III, Swell; Church of the Epiphany, Washington DC, USA; Aeolian-Skinner 1968. Glockenspiel II, Choir; National Cathedral, Washington DC, USA; Skinner 1939, 1975.
This page was last last built on June 24, 2020
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.