Twenty-Second English
Octave Fifteenth English
Kleinoktav[e] German
Klein[e] Octave German/English
Vigesima Seconda Italian
Vigessima-secunda Italian
Disdisdiapason (unknown)
Fifre French
Super Super Octave English
Supersedecima (unknown)
Two and Twentieth English

A foundation stop of 1' pitch in the manuals, or 2' pitch in the pedal. Because of its high pitch, it is often considered to be a mutation, and is often used and described as a Mixture rank. It sounds the 8th harmonic.

There are other meanings for Fifre and Kleinoktav.

Variants

Vigesima seconda fortis
Vigesima seconda suavis

Other stops which can be found at 1' pitch include:

Bauerflöte
Blockflöte
Campana
Cymbeloktave
Fabertone
Feldflöte
Flageolet
Flautino
Hörnlein
Italian Principal
Kleinflöte
Kleinprinzipal
Kurzflöte
Kutzialflöte
Nachthorn
Octavin
Panflöte
Piccolo
Schallflöte
Schreier
Schweizerflöte

Examples

Osiris contains two dozen examples of Twenty Second, fifteen of Vigesima seconda, three of Kleinoktav, and one of Fifre. The earliest ones are listed below. No examples are known of Disdisdiapason (mentioned only by Adlung), Octave Fifteenth, Super Super Octave (mentioned only by Irwin), Supersedecima (mentioned only by Adlung), Two and Twentieth, and Vigessima-secunda. Contributions welcome.

Vigesima seconda, manual; Church of San Giuseppe, Brescia, Italy; Antegnati 1581.

Vigesima seconda, manual; Santa Maria della Consolazione (Santa Nicola), Almenno S. Salvatore, Bergamo, Italy; Antegnati 1588.


Twenty-Second 2', Pedal; Hillsborough Parish Church, Hillsborough, County Down, Northern Ireland; Snetzler 1773.


Kleinoktav 1', Kronwerk; Luitpoldhalle, Nürnberg, Germany; Walcker 1926 (destroyed).

Kleinoktav 1', Schwellwerk; Wieskirche, Steingaden, Germany; Schmid 1959.

Klein Oktav 1', Positiv; Holy Trinity Lutheran Church, Buffalo, New York, USA; Moeller 1986.


Fifre 1', Choeur; Broadway Baptist Church, Fort Worth, Texas, USA; Casavant 1996. This is the only known example of this name.

Sound Clips

See the Sound Files appendix for general information.

Oktave 1' Chamber Organ Ott, 2003 arpeggio

Bibliography

Adlung[1]: §136 Disdisdiapason, §171 Oktave, §204 Vigesima secunda. Audsley[1]: Octave; Twenty-Second. Audsley[2]: I.XIII Octave; Twenty-Second. Bonavia-Hunt[1]: Twenty-second. Grove[1]: Twenty Second. Hopkins & Rimbault[1]: § 619. Irwin[1]: Twenty-Second. Sumner[1]: Twenty Second. Wedgwood[1]: Vigessima-secunda.
 
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.
TwentySecond.html - Last updated 27 September 2004.
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