Acuta Latin
Scharf[f] German
Scherp Dutch
Sharp English
Sharp Mixture English
Akuta German
Scharp German?
Scarf German
Vox Acuta Latin

According to the literature, a brilliant, high-pitched mixture of III or more ranks, though II rank examples are known. Audsley, Grove and Williams specify a small scale. Most sources give it one or more third-sounding ranks, though according to Audsley the old English examples lacked them. Grove, who dates it from around 1500, also implies that third-sounding ranks were a later development in this mixture: early Dutch and German examples were high-pitched like the Zimbel, and distinct from the Terzzimbel; mid-19th century examples frequently contained a high third-sounding rank. Wedgwood says it should contain a Septiéme.

See also Hellflöte.

Variants

Scharfzimbel
Schreier
Sept-Terzianscharf
Terzianscharf
Zymbel-scharf

Examples

Osiris contains over 450 examples of Scharf, making it by far the most common name. It also contains about 55 examples of Scherp with II-XII ranks, 50 examples of Acuta with from II to VI ranks, 28 examples of Sharp Mixture with II-V ranks, 16 examples of Sharp (all but one late are 20th century by Fisk), five examples of Scharp, and a single example of Akuta. No examples of Vox Acuta or Scarf are known. Contributions welcome. The earliest examples are given below.

See examples of compositions.
 

Acuta IV, Great; Cathedral of the Holy Cross, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Hook 1863.

Akuta IV, Manual I; Smetana Hall, Prague, Czechoslovakia; Voit/Tucek 1912.

Scherp, Manual; St. Denijs, Veurne, Belgium; de Buus 1521.

Scherp VI, Hoofdwerk; Vrouwkerk, Antwerpen, Belgium; Brebos 1565.

Scharff III-IV, Ruckpositiv; Jacobikirche, Hamburg, Germany; Stellwagen 1636.

Scharp III-VI, Rückpositiff; St. Stephanskirche, Tangermünde, Germany; Scherer 1624.

Scharp III-V, Oberwercke; St. Stephanskirche, Tangermünde, Germany; Scherer 1624.

Sharp IV, Choir; Crawford Hal, North Carolina School for the Arts, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA; Fisk 1977.

Sharp Mixture III, Great; Ulster Hall, Belfast, Northern Ireland; Hill 1861.

Scharp Mixture III, Great; St. Michael's College, Tenbury, England; Harrison 1869.

Bibliography

Adlung[1]: §134 Cymbel, §186 Scharf. Audsley[1]: Acuta, Scharf; Sharp Mixture. Audsley[2]: I.XIII Acuta; Scharf. Grove[1]: Scharf. Hopkins & Rimbault[1]: § 628, 1117, 1123-1124, 1128-1130, 1135. Irwin[1]: Acuta. Locher[1]: Sharp. Skinner[1]: XII Scharff, Sharp Mixture. Sumner[1]: Acuta; Scarf. Wedgwood[1]: Acuta; Hellpfeife; Scharf; Sharp Mixture. Williams[1]: Glossary: Scharf.
 
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.
Scharf.html - Last updated 30 July 2003.
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