Octaaf Dutch
Octav German
Octava Spanish
Octave English
Oktava Finnish, Swedish
Ottava Italian
Octave Diapason English
Octave Principal English
Prästant German
Praestant Latin
Principaal Dutch
Principal English
Prestant French, German
Principal Octave English
Flautadito Spanish
Halbprincipal German
Koppeldoof Dutch?
Oktavenprincipal German
Primaria Latin
Regula Minor Latin

This entry is still under construction. The next time you visit, check the Revision History to see what's been added.

An Open Diapason of 4' pitch on the manuals, or 8' pitch on the pedal.

These names have also been given to the stop more properly called Super Octave or Fifteenth. The name Principal is more properly used as a synonym for the Open Diapason. The name Prestant often indicates that the pipes are mounted in the front of the case. The word Octave is often used as a modifier with other stop names to indicate a stop at a pitch one octave higher than normal, but the word by itself invariably refers to a Diapason.

Variants

Cymbeloktave  
Echo Octave
Grand Octave  
Grossoctav
Grossoctavbass  
Major Octave
Major Principal  
Minor Octave
Octavbass
Octave Bass
Stentor Octave

Usage

Arguably the most important stop on the organ. It is usually the first stop to be tuned; other stops are then tuned to it.

Examples

No examples are known of Flautadito, Halbprincipal, Koppeldoof, Oktavenprincipal, Primaria, or Regula Minor. Contributions welcome.

Sound Clips

See the Sound Files appendix for general information.

Manual Octaves
Octava 4', Hauptwerk Reinhardtsgrimma, Sachsen, Germany Silbermann, 1731 arpeggio St. Anne
Prestant 4', Grand Orgue St. Bernhard, Mainz, Germany Cavaillé-Coll, 1872-1892 arpeggio St. Anne
Principal 4', Great St. Anne's Church, Moseley, Birmingham, England Lewis, 1875 arpeggio St. Anne
Octave 4', Great Kellogg Auditorium, Battle Creek, Michigan, USA Aeolian-Skinner, 1933 St. Anne
Octave 4', Swell Kellogg Auditorium, Battle Creek, Michigan, USA Aeolian-Skinner, 1933 St. Anne
Octave 4', Great First Baptist Church, Riverside, California, USA Schantz, 1966 arpeggio St. Anne
Prestant 4', Manual I University of Illinois, USA Buzard, 1986 arpeggio St. Anne
Pedal Octaves
Octaven Baß 8', Pedal Reinhardtsgrimma, Sachsen, Germany Silbermann, 1731 arpeggio
Octave 8', Pedal First Baptist Church, Riverside, California, USA Schantz, 1966 arpeggio
Octave 8', Pedal St. Anne's Church, Moseley, Birmingham, England Nicholson, 1969 arpeggio

Bibliography

Adlung[1]: §158 Halbprincipal, §171 Oktave, §177 Prästant. Audsley[1]: Halbprinzipal; Octave; Prestant; Regula Minor. Audsley[2]: I.XIII Halbprincipal, Octave<, Prestant; Regula Minor; II.XXXVI Octave. Bedos[1]: § 140-142, 144, 155, 166, 234, 266. Bonavia-Hunt[1]: Octave. Douglass[1]: 83, 85, 87, 91-92, 103, 112-113. Grove[1]: Flautado; Octave; Praestant. Hopkins & Rimbault[1]: § 597. Irwin[1]: Minor Octave; Octave; Prestant. Locher[1]: Montre; Octave. Maclean[1]: Prestant. Skinner[1]: 24; XII Octave, Prestant. Strony[1]: Octave. Sumner[1]: Double Diapason; Halbprinzipal; Montre; Octave; Prestant; Principal. Wedgwood[1]: Halb; Octave; Prestant. Williams[1]: Glossary: Doef; Flautado; Octava; Praestant.
 
Original site compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.
Octave.html - Last updated 18 May 2008.
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