Campana Italian
Campanella (unknown)
Campanelli (unknown)
Tonus Fabri Latin
Glöckenton German
Glöckleinton German
Campanette (unknown)
Campanello Italian
Campanilla Spanish
Glöcklein German
Zimbelflöte German

According to the literature, these names indicate a flute stop of 1/2' (6"), 1' or (according to Wedgwood) 2' pitch, which breaks back every octave like a mixture rank. There are, however, other meanings for the names Glöckenton and Glöckleinton, for Campanella, and for Campanello, which has been used as a synonym for Glockenspiel and Chimes. The name Campanella is mentioned only by Wedgwood, Zimbelflöte is mentioned only Irwin, and Campanelli and Campanilla are mentioned only Sumner. All of the names derive from words meaning �bell�, except for Tonus Fabri, which derives from the Latin faber, meaning �blacksmith�. The tone of this stop is thus intended to be suggestive of bells or of a hammer striking an anvil. Actual usage of these names differs from the definitions given in the literature: most are mixtures (see examples below).

See also Fabertone, Hellflöte, Panflöte, Tonus Faber.

Examples

No examples of Campanette, Campanello, Campanilla, or Glocklein are known. Contributions welcome. All known examples of the other names are given below.

Campana 1', Swell; Church of St. Paul, Rusthale, Kent, England; Bryceson Brothers 1876.

Campana I 1', Swell; Queen's College, Oxford, England; Walker 1866 (destroyed). This example broke back every octave.

Campana III 10-2/3', Pedal; Konzerthaus, Vienna, Austria; Rieger 1913.

Campanelli 2-2/3' + 1-3/5' + 1', Swell; Viinikka Church, Tampere, Finland; Kangasala 1932.

Campanella 2' + 1-1/3' + 1', Pedal; Alexander Church, Tampere, Finland; Kangasala 1938.

Campanella 2-2/3' + 1-3/5' + 1', Manual III; Lapua, Finland; Kangasala 1938.

Tonus Fabri II, Positiv; Dom, Halberstadt, Germany; Eule 1965.

Tonus Fabri II, Schwellwerk; Kreuzkirche, Dresden, Germany; Jehmlich 1963.

Tonus Fabri II, Oberwerk; Schauspielhauses, Berlin, Germany; Jehmlich.

Zimbelflöte 1/2', Kronwerk; Luitpoldhalle, Nürnberg, Germany; Walcker 1936 (destroyed).

Bibliography

Audsley[1]: Campana; Glöckleinton. Audsley[2]: I.XIII Glockenton. Bonavia-Hunt[1]: Glossary Break. Grove[1]: Campanello. Irwin[1]: Campana. Sumner[1]: Campana; Glöckleinton. Wedgwood[1]: Campana; Glocklein; Hellpfeife; Tonus Fabri.
 
Original website compiled by Edward L. Stauff. For educational use only.
Campana.html - Last updated 13 January 2003.
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